### Courses - Click on course for more infomation

### Biology

Biology involves the study of "living things" and consists of studying cells and their structure, genetics, evolution, classification, and ecology. Each of these separate topics will be taught using lecture, films, hands-on lab experiences and microscope work.

##### Weekly Work and Information

#### week 1 - Aug 22-25

Signed syllabus

Drawings of cells – Due Wednesday

VW – C7 – due Wednesday

We will begin the year studying cells (C7).

Students will compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and the different organelles found within eukaryotic cells.

Students will learn the function of each organelle.

#### week 2 - Aug 29 - Sept 1

Students will continue learning about the different organelles found in eukaryotic cells.

Worksheet 7.2 – due Tuesday We will do notes on this section on Tuesday and Wednesday.

Students will compare active and passive transport on Thursday. The worksheets from 7.3 will be due Tuesday 9/6.

We will begin a multi-day lab on 9/6, involving the process of osmosis. Please be sure your student is at school for the lab.

#### Week 3 - Sept 5 - 8

Students will be out of school on Monday.

We will begin a 3-day lab on Tuesday using Gummi bears to show the process of osmosis. Students will be expected to write a formal lab report of their results.

WS 7.3 will be due Weds.

We will also use Elodea leaves on Wednesday to show the movement of water in/out of the cell. It will involve using microscopes and drawing the results.

Students will also be studying how cells are organized into tissues, organs and organ systems on Wednesday. Please read lesson 7.4 and work on the worksheet for 7.4. This will be due on Thursday before the test.

Students will have a test over C7 on Monday.

#### Week 4 - Sept 12 - 15

Students took a test over C7 on Monday.

On Tuesday, we will begin studying C2, which teaches the chemistry of biology.

VW for C2 are due Wednesday. Also due that day is the Gummi Bear lab questions and data. Students will NOT be writing a formal lab report for this particular lab.

We will be doing notes over 2.1 Atomic Structure on Tuesday. Please have your child read that lesson before Tuesday. Students will have worksheet 2.1 due on Wednesday.

On 9/14 we will be learning about the structure of water and what causes water to be a polar molecule. Again, worksheets for 2.2 will be assigned and due Thursday.

On 9/15 we will begin learning about the different organic groups of macromolecules. We will begin with carbohydrates and lipids on Thursday and finish up with proteins and nucleic acids on Monday (9/19)

#### Week 5 - Sept 19 - 22

Students reviewed ions, isotopes, types of bonds, valence electrons, atomic mass and atomic numbers. (These were on a pop quiz last week)

We reviewed qualities of water, including cohesion and specific heat capacity.

Students will compare acids and bases and the purpose of buffers in the body.

Students will learn the pH scale and where certain compounds can be found.

Students will begin studying the carbon compounds in 2.3, beginning with carbohydrates and lipids on Tuesday and finishing up with nucleic acids and proteins on Wednesday. Students should know the monomers of each type of organic compound and the function of each. We will continue studying these for the remainder of the week.

#### Week 6 - Sept 26-29

We will be studying Chemical Reactions and how enzymes work this week.

Students will be comparing exothermic and endothermic reactions.

Worksheets for 2.4 will be due on Tuesday (now to question 7), with the remaining part due Thursday.

We will be doing a lab on Tuesday involving enzyme action. PLEASE BE SURE YOUR STUDENT IN PRESENT (it’s very difficult to make up this lab). Students will need to type up a formal lab report for this lab.

We will be finishing the chapter and have a chapter test on Thursday. BE STUDYING!!

#### week 7 Oct 3-6

Students will begin studying C8 on Photosynthesis. This particular chapter, as well as the next on Cellular Respiration, is a difficult concept for most students.

Tuesday, students should bring in leaves to use in a chromotography lab in class. This will separate the different pigments found within the leaves. We will also observe oxygen being released from an underwater plant.

A formal lab report from last week’s lab is due Tuesday. Students will be able to revise work if turned in on time.

On Tuesday, students will learn how plants capture energy from the sun and use it to make food.

Worksheet 8.1 will be due Wednesday.

Students will compare heterotrophs and autotrophs.

Students will differentiate between the light-dependent and light-independent reactions and learn the reactants and products for each type.

Students will also learn what factors affect photosyntheses and how each affects the process.

#### week 8 - Oct 10-13

We will finish C8 on Photosynthesis on Monday, with a shortened worksheet on 8.3.

We will begin studying C9 on Cellular Respiration on Tuesday.

Students were given an index card on which to write important facts for C8 and later, C9. We will begin C9 on Tuesday, with students learning an overview of cellular respiration and the fact that it is an opposite reaction for photosynthesis.

Students will complete 1-3 on p. 251 for Wednesday, as well as complete 9.1.

We continue Thursday with the 3 stages of cellular respiration and the advantages of glycolysis.

#### Week 9 - Oct 17-20

The week begins with us completing notes on Cellular Respiration (Krebs cycle and Electron Transport Chain)

Students should read 9.3 and work on the packet for 9.3 on fermentation. There are 2 types of fermentation: lactic acid and alcoholic.

Students should be working on their “cheat sheet” for using on the test this Thursday. recommend they use one side for C8 and the other side for C9. Remind students to put down information they don’t know, not information they know.

#### Week 10 Oct 24-27

We begin studying C10 on Cell Division this week.

Students should complete a flipchart on the stages of cell division, which will be due Tuesday. Most students will complete in class on Monday.

We will be learning why cells divide and the different phases they go through (PMAT)

On Thursday, we will be observing onion root cells showing the various stages, with students working in groups to identify the different stages and determining the percentages of cells in each stage (most are in interphase, which is not a stage of active division)

After completing mitosis, we will learn about meiosis (lesson 11.4), which makes sex cells. This leads into our next unit on Genetics.

#### Week 11 - Oct 31 - Nov 3

We continue our studies in cell division and stem cells.

We will learn how and when cells begin to differentiate during embryonic development.

We will learn the 3 main types of stem cells and their 2 sources (adult and embryonic)

On Wednesday, we will learn the various phases in meiosis and compare to mitosis. Students will be able to state the differences between the 2 processes.

#### Week 12 Nov 7-10

We finish up our unit on Mitosis and Meiosis.

Students will have a test Tuesday over C10 and lesson 11.4 (Meiosis)

We will begin studying Genetics (C11) on Wednesday. Students usually enjoy genetics because it is certainly something they see on a daily basis.

Vocabulary for C11 will be due Wednesday. We will begin 11.1 on Wednesday and continue to 11.2.

Students will have various worksheets with practice genetic problems throughout this unit.

#### Week 13 - Nov 14-17

We continue studying Mendelian genetics, with concentration on Punnett squares and genotypic and phenotypic ratios.

We will learn the rules of probability and apply these to a dihybrid cross using corn. Students will write a formal lab report for this particular lab. The lab itself will be on 11/16.

Students will also learn the different types of inheritance (incomplete dominance, polygenic, multiple alleles)

### Environmental Science - ENVR 111

##### Weekly Work and Information

#### Week 1 - Aug 22-25

Signed syllabus

Carbon footprint

Tragedy of the Commons Lab

Vocabulary – C1

#### week 2 - Aug 29 - Sept 1

Students will begin studying C1 on Sustainability.

Students will watch and answer questions from the video “The Story of Stuff” on Monday/Tuesday

vocabulary from C1 is due Monday/Tuesday

Students should read C1 during this week.

#### week 3 - Sept. 5 - 8

Students will complete notes on C1 and will begin C2 over scientific literacy and the scientific method.

Vocabulary words for C2 will be assigned today and will be due Wed/Thurs.

#### week 4 - Sept 12 - 15

Students will begin studying C4 over Human Populations. We will be constructing an age structure diagram on a selected country. These help to show the projected growth that can be expected in that particular country.

We will also be studying the Demographic Transition, through which all countries pass to become a developed country.

Vocabulary words will be due Thursday and next Monday.

As part of the unit, we will be doing population problems and watching the film “World in the Balance” and answering questions over the video. I would expect this unit to take two weeks to complete, with an exam over this chapter alone by the end of September.

#### Week 5 - Sept 19 - 22

Students will construct an age structure diagram for their particular country.

We will begin studying C4 on Human populations. Students will learn what components determine the growth rate of a country. They will also learn the difference between crude birth rate/crude death rates.

Students will learn factors that affect both birth rates and death rates, including life expectancy and infant mortality rate.

Students will compare Replacement Fertility Rate (RTF) and Total Fertility Rate (TFR).

#### Week 6 - Sept 26 - 29

Students will continue studying factors that affect the population of a country.

Students will study the concept of “The Demographic Transition”, through which all countries pass when going from a developing to a developed country.

We will also complete the film “World in the Balance” and complete a practice worksheet on population problems.

#### Week 7 Oct 3-6

Students will complete the video “Don’t Panic” in regards to the growth of the human population and how it impacts the environment.

Students will be taking a test over C4 on either Tuesday or Wednesday. Students will be able to revise their work when returned.

Our next unit will begin on 10/10 (Friday is a holiday) which will be a combination of C5 and C6.

Students will receive the vocabulary words for the upcoming unit, which will be due next Monday/Tuesday.

#### Week 8 - Oct 10-13

Students will begin studying the “economics” of the environment.

We will go through this chapter fairly quickly, with questions serving as an assessment over the chapter.

Students will review the equation I=PxAxT and discuss why the company, Interface, lowered their environmental impact by introducing new technology into their product

Students will compare a linear system to a circular system, which is sustainable.

Students will compare “natural capital” to “natural interest”

Students will also explain how the cost of most items do not reflect the true cost (doesn’t include environmental or social cost)

#### week 9 - Oct 17-20

We begin C6 on Ecosystems and Nutrient Cycling on Monday.

Students will work in groups to develop and present a chosen nutrient cycle (carbon, sulfur, hydrological, phosphorous, nitrogen and phosphorous)

Their project will be due October 26/27 and will be presented to their classmates. As part of their presentation, an informative sheet needs to be typed for their classmates on their specific cycle. (I will make class copies of each cycle)

We will be learning the levels of studies in environmental science and also comparing abiotic and biotic factors within an ecosystem.

We will study the “range of tolerance” for organisms. Students will be given an handout showing the different ranges and why they are important (climate change)

As part of their unit, we will also be learning about the Biosphere project in Tuscon, which was considered a failure by many, but considered a success simply because it helped to show how complex the interactions within an ecosystem truly are.

#### Week 10 Oct 24-27

Students will compare energy flow to nutrient flow. We will learn the 2 laws of thermodynamics and conduct a lab showing such.

Students should be continuing work on their presentations of their chosen nutrient cycle. These should be ready to go either Wednesday/Thursday.

Students will learn the “range of tolerance” and how climate change can cause a shift in what is the optimum range.

Students will compare producers and consumers and the different types of consumers.

We will continue our studies of ecosystems with the next chapter on Population Ecology (C7) beginning next week.

#### Week 11 - Oct 31 - Nov 4

Students will complete their nutrient cycle presentations on Mon/Tues. Students should be taking notes on each of the 5 cycles (C, H. O, N, P, S)

We will begin notes on C7, Population Ecology. Students will be learning how populations can change and how they are distributed within an ecosystem.

Students will also learn the different reproductive strategies in species and what constitutes “r-selected” and “K-selected” species.

Lastly, students will compare density-dependent factors and density-independent factors that can change a population’s size.

#### Week 13 Nov 14-17

Students will begin studying C8 on Community Ecology. Students will learn how different species interact within an ecosystem.

Students will learn the 3 types of symbiosis (mutualism, parasitism, commensalism).

Students will also learn about ecological succession and how communities change over time from both natural and man-made disturbances.